Tuesday, 31 August 2010

Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable under CIPPA

"2 - When I settle the Accounts Payable and receive the Accounts Receivable, what am I receiving/paying? The adjusted amount or the original invoice amount?"

You receive the adjusted amount.

You receive the constant real non-monetary value (the sale has been made and the AP/AR amount is fixed in real value at the date of sale) measured in units of constant purchasing power – inflation-adjusted.

All original nominal (HC) invoiced amounts that are not settled on the spot (on the date of sale) have to be updated every month the CPI changes as an AP/AR amount, BUT, the original REAL VALUE stays the same: the nominal values are inflation-adjusted; i.e. they are measured in units of constant purchasing power over time. An invoice is stated in terms of money. When the real value of that money is destroyed by inflation over time and there is no stable measuring unit assumption made by accountants and implemented in accounting, then the nominal value of the invoice has to be adjusted over time in order to keep the real value the same – under CIPPA: because there is no stable measuring unit assumption under CIPPA: you are implementing financial capital maintenance in units of constant purchasing power which requires you to inflation-adjust all constant items; e.g. AR, AP, equity, etc.

You receive/pay the original real value; i.e. the nominal value adjusted for inflation (the destruction in the real value of the medium of exchange) over time. Street vendors who have never been to school know this instinctively in a hyperinflationary economy. They adjust all their prices for all the products they sell in the streets daily as the black market rate changes. Obviously, the same has to be done to invoice values, trade debtors, capital, profit and all other constant real value non-monetary items.

When I told them in Angola that I was going to update debtors they immediately understood. In hyperinflation it is also done for all variable real value non-monetary items; i.e. for all non-monetary items. We were the only firm who inflation-adjusted their salaries monthly: they got the same in USD but fantastic “increases” in Kwanzas. There were no real increases. Ben Bernanke stated that in pure hyperinflation there are no price increases. He is correct.

Copyright © 2010 Nicolaas J Smith