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Friday, 15 January 2010

SA accounting based on two popular accounting fallacies.

Today South African accountants unknowingly destroy the real value of existing reported constant items never maintained when they implement their very destructive stable measuring unit assumption during low inflation because they generally measure financial capital maintenance in SA banks and companies in nominal monetary units implementing the HCA model based on those two very popular IASB approved and authorized accounting fallacies.

Accountants at Johannesburg Stock Exchange listed companies as well as accountants at unlisted SA companies who prepare their financial statements in terms of International Financial Reporting Standards generally choose to measure financial capital maintenance in nominal monetary units, the accounting fallacy as approved by the International Accounting Standards Board in the Framework for the Preparation and Presentation of Financial Statements, Par 104 (a) which they apply in the absence of specific IFRS relating to the concept of capital, the concept of capital maintenance, the concept of profit /loss determination and in the absence of specific IFRS for the valuation of specific constants items, e.g. Shareholders´ Equity items, etc.

The Framework, Par 104 (a) states:

“Financial capital maintenance can be measured either in nominal monetary units or units of constant purchasing power.”

Astonishingly, the IASB approved and authorized both real value destroying HCA stated in terms of the very popular accounting fallacies as well as its only perfect antidote (the antidote is perfect, not the resulting values) during inflation, hyperinflation and deflation, in one and the same statement in 1989. It is impossible to maintain the real value of capital stable by measuring it in nominal monetary units per se during inflation, hyperinflation or deflation. The IFRS statement that financial capital maintenance can be measured in nominal monetary units is only true at sustainable zero inflation – a monetary mode never achieved in the past and maybe never to be achieved in the future. The IASB statement is a fallacy under the three general monetary modes: inflation, hyperinflation and deflation.

Accountants at JSE listed companies have to prepare financial reports in terms of IFRS and thus have to make the choice presented to them in the Framework, Par 104 (a) while accountants at unlisted SA companies can prepare financial statements either in terms of IFRS or South African Generally Accepted Accounting Practice. The boards of directors of SA companies listed on the JSE - which are all implementing IFRS - actually have to make the choice; their accountants being the accounting experts, obviously, advise them about the appropriate choice to make. Financial capital maintenance in nominal monetary units is a popular accounting fallacy authorized by the IASB in the Framework, Par 104 (a) in 1989. It is, however, not an appropriate accounting policy for SA companies during inflation, hyperinflation and deflation.

Unfortunately most, if not all, SA boards of directors choose financial capital maintenance in nominal monetary units as part of the real value destroying HCA model which includes the very destructive stable measuring unit assumption – another popular accounting fallacy authorized by the IASB in 1989 – in SA´s low inflationary economy. This results in their accountants unnecessarily, unknowingly and unintentionally destroying about R200 billion in the real value of existing reported constant items never or not fully maintained in the SA constant item economy each and every year.

Accountants preparing financial reports of unlisted SA companies in terms of SA GAAP generally also choose to measure financial capital maintenance in nominal monetary units and implement the very destructive HCA model since it is the generally accepted traditional accounting model.

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