IFRS and US GAAP authorised CMUCPP maintains the constant purchasing power of constant real value non-monetary items (e.g. capital, all items in shareholders´ equity, provisions, salaries, wages, pensions, taxes, trade debtors/creditors, etc) in terms of a Daily CPI in entities that at least break even in real value during low and high inflation, hyperinflation and deflation - ceteris paribus. European Accounting Assoc: "Capital maintenance is a competing objective of financial reporting."
A monetary item is an economic
item very different from the other two basic economic items (variable and
constant real value non-monetary items) because of its monetary nature, namely
the unique combination of its attributes during inflation and deflation - some
of which are listed below.
Monetary items are money held and items
with an underlying monetary nature that are substitutes for money held. Bank
notes and coins are examples of money held.
its three functions, namely
medium of exchange,
store of value and
unit of account,
it is generally available in small change,
it is only a monetary item within (not outside) an
economy (foreign exchange is a non–monetary item),
it is legal tender,
it is always affected by inflation and deflation,
which affect all monetary items evenly,
when it has no exchangeability with foreign exchange
currencies it is worthless.
Copyright (c) 2005-2012 Nicolaas J Smith. All rights reserved. No reproduction without permission.