IFRS and US GAAP authorised CMUCPP in terms of the Daily CPI automatically maintains the constant purchasing power of capital and all constant real value non-monetary items (shareholders´ equity,
provisions, salaries, wages, pensions, taxes, trade debtors/creditors, etc) only when updated daily in terms of the Daily CPI during low, high and hyperinflation and deflation - ceteris paribus. European Accounting Association: "Capital maintenance is a competing objective of financial
stable measuring unit assumption
is the number one enemy in the economy.
A.MonetaryEconomy the stable
measuring unit assumption causes
cost of inflation (not actual inflation),
cost of hyperinflation (not actual hyperinflation) as well as
deflation effect: the creation of real value in monetary items never
deflation-adjusted daily during deflation (not actual deflation).
/ hyperinflation is caused by an increase in the general price level. An increase
in the general price level is caused by various economic factors, an important
one being an excessive increase in the money supply. Deflation is caused by a
decrease in the general price level.
no stable measuring unit assumption (i.e., implementing IFRS-authorised Capital
Maintenance in Units of Constant Purchasing Power) – inflation-indexing and
hyperinflation-indexing all monetary items on a daily basis in terms of a Daily
Index - there would be no cost of inflation / hyperinflation and no deflation
effect. Thus, with no HCA (instead implementing CMUCPP), there would be no cost
of inflation or cost of hyperinflation during inflation and hyperinflation.
B.Constant Real Value Non-monetary Economy the stable measuring unit
erosion of the real value of constant real value non-monetary items never
maintained constant during inflation and hyperinflation and
creation of real value in constant items never maintained constant during
no stable measuring unit assumption – no HCA (i.e., implementing IFRS-authorised
CMUCPP) – measuring all constant items daily in units of constant purchasing
power in terms of a Daily Index – the erosion of constant real value in
constant items never maintained constant during inflation / hyperinflation and
the creation of real value in constant items never maintained constant during
deflation, would be stopped for an indefinite period of time in all entities
that at least break even in real value – all else being equal – at all levels
of inflation and deflation, including during hyperinflation.
stable measuring unit assumption is implemented under
traditional, generally accepted, globally implemented Historical Cost
Accounting model during low inflation, high inflation and deflation and
failed IAS 29 Financial Reporting In
Hyperinflationary Economies model during hyperinflation.